Causes of weight gain from 8 common hormones
Insulin – The hormone that breaks down blood sugar
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. This hormone helps carry glucose into cells for energy. They also help fat cells store fat and prevent stored fat from being broken.
Excessive consumption of refined carbohydrates, alcohol or artificial sweetened drinks can create developing insulin resistance, leading to significant increases in blood sugar and insulin levels, causing weight gain and even diabetes.
To keep your insulin level balanced, limit sugar, starch, and eat more green vegetables.
Cortisol – The stress hormone
This is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands. Cortisol is released when your body is stressed, anxious or angry. It resists stress by increasing blood sugar, suppressing the immune system and accelerating the metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates.
Your nervous system can make eating too much a habit. To keep fit, you need to get enough sleep and maintain a balanced diet.
Practicing relaxation like deep breathing, yoga and meditation will be helpful in this case.
Ghrelin – The hunger hormone
Produced primarily by the stomach, ghrelin is known as the hunger hormone. It stimulates appetite and increases excess fat.
When your stomach is empty, your body releases ghrelin to tell you it's time to eat. Typically, ghrelin levels peak before eating and plummet about an hour after you have dinner. However, for overweight and obese people, ghrelin is only slightly reduced after a meal. As a result, you will eat more than necessary.
A tip for you is eating protein at every meal, especially breakfast, to reduce ghrelin levels and maintain satiety.
Leptin – The hormone that releases energy
Leptin is produced by your fat cells. It is known as a hormone that reduces appetite. The most important task of leptin is to communicate with the nervous system that regulates appetite and food intake.
Basically, leptin tells your brain that there is enough fat. In fact, too much sugar will produce leptin resistance. When the "stop eating" message is not transmitted, your brain thinks your body is still hungry, so you continue to gain weight.
To improve leptin resistance, you can avoid or limit sugary foods and drinks. Drinking plenty of water and getting enough sleep will help too.
Estrogen – The female hormone
Estrogen is a hormone produced by the ovaries. Any imbalance in estrogen levels in the body can lead to weight gain.
High levels of estrogen can interfere with insulin production and promote insulin resistance. Too low estrogen levels cause the body to look for other sources to produce estrogen. As a result, the body finds fat cells. Therefore, when estrogen levels decrease, the body begins to convert all available energy sources into fat, leading to weight gain.
Eating more whole grains, high-fiber vegetables and fruits is known to reduce estrogen levels. In addition, fermented foods such as sauerkraut and kimchi also have beneficial effects on estrogen.
Neuropeptide Y – The eating hormone
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a hormone produced by brain cells and the nervous system. It is a powerful simulation of feeding behavior. NPY stimulates appetite, especially for carbohydrates. High levels of NPY during times of stress lead to overeating and increased fat at the waist.
Make sure you eat enough protein, because eating too little protein has been shown to increase the NPY level. Eat lots of fiber so that good, nourishing intestinal bacteria could reduce NPY.
If you have a weight loss plan, fasting is not always a good idea, as it can significantly increase NPY levels, leading to a counterproductive effect.
Melatonin – The sleeping hormone
You may be wondering how a hormone that regulates sleep can affect weight loss and weight gain. It might sound unrelated, but in fact, a regular routine of high quality sleep can make a difference in weight control and may help reduce the risk of serious health problems, including diabetes and other metabolic disorders.
To balance melatonin levels, make sure your bedroom is dark. An hour before going to bed, staying away from the illuminated digital screen will allow your body to get used to the dark.
Thyroid hormones – The hormones that control metabolism
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck. It creates hormones that control metabolic rate.
Low levels of thyroid hormone called hypothyroidism, are often associated with weight gain, mainly due to the accumulation of water in the body, making the patient look bloated. Conversely, if the thyroid gland produces more hormones than your body needs, you can lose weight but in a very unhealthy way.
Your thyroid needs iodine to work well. You should consume more iodine from salt, fish and dairy products. Green vegetables and whole grain foods are also good for the thyroid.
By: Kelly Jonas